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What is the FOMC?
The Federal Open Market Committee, FOMC, is one of the 3 key entities within the US Federal Reserve System in charge of short-term interest rate
decisions and growth of the US money supply according to the everchanging economic outlook.
Dovish VS Hawkish
The FOMC members are distributed on a scale from Dovish to Hawkish. The dovish tends to be pessimistic and views the economy in need for stimulation; therefore, they tend to decrease interest rates and thus increase money supply.
However, the hawkish are on the other extreme end with an optimistic view of the economy; therefore, they tend to increase interest rates and thus decrease money supply and control inflation.
The remaining policy members include a minority titled the “Centralists”. They usually look at the market and tend to be data driven, focusing on what actually is happening in the market.
Jerome Powell, chairperson of the FOMC and Federal Reserve, is considered to be a in Centralist; however, has a step closer towards hawkishness rather than dovishness.
How to Trade the FOMC
USD Strengthens Slightly
Please note that the above directional suggestions do not take into account the current Geopolitical or Market positioning pressures that could easily cause the opposite to occur. With this in mind, it is always beneficial to keep yourself abreast of the current market conditions when planning your trades.
THE FED FUNDS RATE
The Federal Reserve kept the target range for the federal funds rate between 2.25% to 2.5% on 1st May 2019, as widely expected, commenting that economic activity has been rising at a solid rate and that the labor market remains strong. The committee touched upon the inflation situation that the U.S. economy finds itself in saying that they have declined in past months. The Committee also reaffirmed its position to be patient about further policy firming.
However, FOMC Governor Jerome Powell brushed off the lower inflation, mentioning that pressures are transitory, as well as being less-dovish-than-expected compared to his last speech back in March 2019.
2018/2019 FOMC Meeting Dates
As mentioned earlier, the FOMC usually meets 8 times a year. Usually a week before the actual meeting takes place, a media blackout occurs where all FOMC members are forbidden from speaking in public in whatever form until after the result of the meeting has been released. Below is a table for the upcoming meeting dates and what was of the decision of the previous meetings and the market’s reaction. The dates of the Meetings can be found in the below Forex Calendar.
1. Longest Serving Chairman
William McChesney Martin Jr., served from April 2, 1951, to January 31, 1970, 19 years as the Chairman of the Fed. He served under five presidents.
2. Highest Historical Rate
In March of 1980, the FOMC hiked the Fed Funds Rate by 5.0% to reach an all-time high of 20%, for the main reason on combating a 14.6% inflation rate.
3. Highest Rate Hike
In October 1980, the fed recorded its highest hike of 6% from 12% to 18% in order to combat a 12.9% inflation rate and managed ease it down to 12.6%.
4. Largest Rate Cut
In November 1981, the Fed cut interest rates by 7%, from the highest rates of 20% to 13%, in order to combat the recession that began in July of the same year.